San Diego Anti-aging medicine and family practice located in Encinitas CA, Center for Age Management

Optimize Your Health
Center for Age Management

317 N. El Camino Real, Suite 206
Encinitas, CA 92024
USA View Map

Phone: 760-633-1315

 

Mon - Thur: 9am to 5pm
Lunch: 12pm to 1:30pm
Friday: 9am to 12pm
On Fridays, we will have limited staff. You may leave a message and it will be our pleasure to return your call. Any prescriptions, questions or concerns that you have, we will be happy to assist you Monday - Thursday.

Serving other neighboring cities: La Costa, Solana Beach, Rancho Santa Fe, Del Mar, San Marcos, Carlsbad, La Jolla, and San Diego County, CA.

Salivary Cortisol Is Related to Atherosclerosis of Carotid Arteries

Abstract
Background:

Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has been suggested as an independent risk factor for ischemic heart disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether two markers of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, the level of salivary cortisol and the diurnal salivary cortisol pattern, are associated with atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries in an elderly population.


Methods and Results:

A total of 1866 participants of the Rotterdam Study, a population-based cohort study in the elderly, provided four salivary cortisol samples throughout 1 d, and underwent ultrasonography to examine the presence of plaques in the common, internal, and bifurcation sites of both carotid arteries. Two summary measures of the separate cortisol values were computed: area under the curve (AUC), which is a measure of total cortisol exposure while awake; and the slope, which is a measure of diurnal cortisol decline.

Results:

Total cortisol exposure while awake (AUC) was associated with higher plaque scores (β = 0.08 per sd of AUC, 95% confidence interval 0.00–0.16; P = 0.04) in a fully adjusted linear regression model. Persons with an AUC in the highest tertile had a higher number of plaques of carotid arteries compared with those in the lowest tertile (3.08 vs. 2.80, 95% confidence interval of difference 0.09–0.48; P = 0.005). There was no relation between diurnal cortisol decline and plaque score.

Conclusion:

Our results support the hypothesis that increased total cortisol exposure is independently associated with atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries.