San Diego Anti-aging medicine and family practice located in Encinitas CA, Center for Age Management

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Center for Age Management

317 N. El Camino Real, Suite 206
Encinitas, CA 92024
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Phone: 760-633-1315


Mon - Thur: 9am to 5pm
Lunch: 12pm to 1:30pm
Friday: 9am to 12pm
On Fridays, we will have limited staff. You may leave a message and it will be our pleasure to return your call. Any prescriptions, questions or concerns that you have, we will be happy to assist you Monday - Thursday.

Serving other neighboring cities: La Costa, Solana Beach, Rancho Santa Fe, Del Mar, San Marcos, Carlsbad, La Jolla, and San Diego County, CA.

Bone Mineral Density and the Risk of Alzheimer Disease

Zaldy Sy Tan, MD, MPH; Sudha Seshadri, MD; Alexa Beiser, PhD; Yuqing Zhang, DSc; David Felson, MD; Marian T. Hannan, DSc; Rhoda Au, PhD; Philip A. Wolf, MD; Douglas P. Kiel, MD, MPH

Arch Neurol. 2005;62:107-111.

Background Some, but not all, studies have suggested that estrogen replacement therapy has a beneficial effect on cognition in postmenopausal women. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a potential surrogate marker for cumulative estrogen exposure and has been associated with cognitive performance and risk of cognitive deterioration.

Objective To examine whether low BMD in elderly individuals is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease (AD).

Design, Setting, and Participants Community-based prospective cohort study of 987 subjects (610 women) who were cognitively intact and had baseline BMD measured at the femoral neck, the trochanter, and the radial shaft between 1988 and 1989.

Main Outcome Measures Incidence of AD and all-cause dementia during an 8-year follow-up period.

Results Women in the lowest quartile of femoral neck BMD had more than twice the incidence of AD (hazard ratio, 2.04; 95% confidence interval, 1.11-3.75) and all-cause dementia (hazard ratio, 2.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-3.49) compared with those in higher quartiles after adjusting for age, sex, apolipoprotein E 4, baseline homocysteine level, education, estrogen use, smoking, and stroke. A similar but statistically nonsignificant relationship was observed between BMD of the femoral trochanter and AD, while no such relationship was seen between radial BMD and AD or all-cause dementia. In men, there was a trend toward an inverse relationship between BMD and the risk of AD, but the relationship was not statistically significant at any of the 3 sites.

Conclusions Low femoral neck BMD was associated with approximately 2 times the risk of AD and all-cause dementia in women but not men, suggesting the possibility that cumulative estrogen exposure may influence the risk of developing AD. Additional studies are needed to confirm this correlation.